THE ASIAN AMERICAN HOUR has gotten bigger - we are now on the air weekly on public radio
WAIF-CINCINNATI 88.3 FM and our broadcast time has moved to prime-time  
THE ASIAN AMERICAN
HOUR
CONTINUES 18 YEARS ON THE AIR WITH WAIF 88.3 FM - Date of First Broadcast: 6/7/2001
THE ASIAN AMERICAN HOUR will continue to feature talk, and music, and other good things with a discernable
slant towards Asian American affairs, immigration, and many other issues of interest to our community-at-large.
 
THE ASIAN AMERICAN HOUR is produced and hosted by Charleston Wang, Esq. with John G. O'Neill.
as co-host, together with our distinguished guests.

So, tune in to
THE ASIAN AMERICAN HOUR on WAIF-CINCINNATI 88.3 FM. every Monday 5-6 PM. Get the latest
on the Asian American community in Cincinnati, the fast growing & mobile community in the Tri-state.   

After listening to the
THE ASIAN AMERICAN HOUR, e-mail us direct feedback and thoughts by clicking here.  If
you or a friend wish to be a guest on
THE  ASIAN AMERICAN HOUR,  please let us know.  Tune in to THE ASIAN
AMERICAN  HOUR
every Monday 5 - 6 PM on WAIF 88.3 FM Cincinnati on the air, or listen
Via internet streaming audio from anywhere in the world by clicking here.
Charleston C. K. Wang, Producer & Host
John G. O'Neill, Co-Host
Mary Ellen O'Connell
Photocredit:  Mary Joan Reutter
To read
"A Reflection
of Jerusalem
and the New
Jerusalem
from the Ground,"  
click
here.
To view
"Into  the
Heat of
the Hebron
Cauldon,"
\click
here.
To view "The
Garden of
Gethsemane and
Church of All
Nations," click

here.
To view
"Pilgrimage to
Bethlehem,
Birthplace
of Jesus,
click
here.
To view
"Herodion:
A Fortress
During the
Gospels,"
click
here.
To read"The
Wilderness
of Abraham,
Jesus &
Israel-
Palestine,"
click
here.
To view "In
Search of the
Messianic
Secret -
Caesarea Phillipi,"
click
here.
To read "Jury
for Jericho,"  
click
here.
To view
"The
Empty
Tombs,"
click
here.
A Partnership between Mercy Hospital Anderson and Muslim Clinic of Ohio
THE HOLY ISLE OF PATMOS
Click here or on photo to see WANGNEWS Special
To view "Two
Very Different
Houses" click

here.
EPHESUS OF ST. PAUL & ST. JOHN
Click here or on photo to see WANGNEWS Special
To view
"The Holy
Isle of
Patmos"
click
here.
To view
"Sufis
Rumi
Konya,"
click
here.
MEDITATING MEDITERRANEAN
Click here or on photo to see WANGNEWS Special
THE WRATH OF PAUL
Click here or on photo to see WANGNEWS Special
To view
"Wrath
of
Paul,"
click
here.
To view
"Medita-
ting Medi-
terra-nean,"
click
here.
To view
"Caesarea
Maritima as
Known to
Saint Paul,"
click
here.
To view
"The Call for
Simon Peter,
Fisherman,"
click
here.

To read
"In Search
of Lazarus,"
click
here.
To view
"In The
Upper
Room"
click \
here.
To view
"The Church
of St. Peter
in Gallicantu"
click
here.
To view
"Visitng the
Dome of the
Rock"
click
here.
To view
Group
photos of
Cincinnati
Pilgrims in
Jerusalem
click
here.
To read
"Hezekiah's
Tunnel
under the
City of David,"
click
here.
PLEASE CLIICK ON PHOTO TO SEE
COMPLETE PHOTONEWS SPECIAL
ON "THE FACES OF TURKEY."
THE FACES OF TURKEY
INFOCUS:
CHEMICAL
WEAPONS & THE
HUMANITARIAN CRISIS
IN SYRIA
Click on Photo

Bill Bell and Charleston C. K. Wang
BE THE CHANGE:
CIVIL RIGHTS &
IMMIGRATION REFORM
IN 2013

Robert Harris & Charleston C. K. Wang
To view
"Ephesus
of St. Paul
and
St. John"
click
here.
A REAL UZBEK DYNASTY
Buy your MEIER'S Sparkling
Juices on-line by clicking here.
Four Elders from Uzbekistan in their many colored coats
Photocredit:  Boris Yusupov
For Upcoming Sunday
Seminars on Current
Issues at Christ Church
Cathedral in the City of
Cincinnati
click here.

Bill Bell and Charleston C. K. Wang
CLICK ON PHOTO  TO
LISTEN TO  RECITATION
Charge of Light Brigade-Lord Alfred Tennyson
Last of Light Brigade-Rudyard Kipling
Recessional (Victorian Ode)-Rudyard Kipling
GOT NEWS?  
GOT
OPINION?
Send your information,
photographs, or
comments to
WANGNEWS for
consideration to be
published in
WANG
NEWS SERVICE.

To send, use this
email address:

news@wangnews.net
A WIN IN THE U.S.  SIXTH CIRCUIT COURT OF APPEALS. On August 18, 2014 in Nifadev v. Holder, (Case No. 13-3704/4222
6th Cir. 2014), the United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit held that Mikheil B. Nifadev has proven his claim that he
had suffered persecution by reason of his Russian ethnicity at the hands of the security and regular police of Uzbekistan.   The
Court vacated the decision of the Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA) in Washington, D.C. which had denied Mr. Nifadev asylum,
and the Court remanded the case with additional instructions to the United States Attorney General, including that the BIA should
determine whether the BIA should also reconsider its denial of Nifadev’s application for withholding of removal and protection
under Convention Against Torture (abbreviated CAT for Convention Against Torture And Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading
Treatment or Punishment of the United Nations) in light of the opinion of the Court.  The Sixth Circuit opinion essentially and
explicitly held that
"[b]ecause the IJ [Immigration Judge] appears to have erred in her determination that Nifadev did not suffer
past persecution and because the IJ clearly misinterpreted Nifadev’s credible testimony regarding the ethnic animus of the
Uzbekistan security officials, we find that Nifadev has made out a credible case of being a refugee under the definitions of
8 U.S.C. § 1158(b)(1)(A)."
 [Emphasis added].   The United States Immigration Court in Cleveland, Ohio, had initially
found Mr.  Nifadev and his witnesses to be credible but declined to grant asylum because it erroneously determined that
Mr. Nifadev had NOT suffered persecution.   Shown in photograph on the right is Mr. Mikheil B. Nifadev with Charleston
C. K. Wang, Esq.  who represented Mr. Nifadev during trial and both appeals. To read complete opinion, please
click here.
Pursuant to the Sixth Circuit opinion, the BIA on January 5, 2015, ordered the Immigration Court to grant asylum to Mr. Nifadev.
To read the BIA order, please
click here.
Reach out to the
decision-makers, opinion-
agents of Greater
Cincinnati and the World.

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For terms and conditions,
you are invited to inquire
by email:

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Working the Tan Lines by the
Aegean of the Mediterranen
Beyond in the mist rises
fabled Patmos, May 2012
Working the Tan Lines
on the bank of the Dead Sea
the Lowest Body of Water on Earth
more than 1300 feet below Sea Level
April 2010.
Somewhere near lie biblical Sodom & Gomorrah.
Charleston C K Wang Speedo
GOT RICE?
Charleston C K Wang Speedo
Mr. Nifadev applied for permanent resident status in March, 2017.
CHARLESTON C. K. WANG
NAZLY MAMEDOVA
WANGLAW
WANGLAW
Attorneys & Counselors at Law
CHARLESTON C. K. WANG
NAZLY MAMEDOVA
WANGLA
W
CHARLESTON C. K. WANG
NAZLY MAMEDOVA
WANGLAW
SEARCH WANGNEWS
THE ASIAN AMERICAN HOUR
on WAIF 88.3 FM Cincinnati
IS NOW A WEEKLY PRIME-TIME SHOW
EVERY MONDAY EVENING  5 - 6 P.M.
Informing the People of Cincinnati (and Beyond) since 6/7/2001.
Listen via internet streaming audio by clicking here,


CONTACT US AT asianamericanhour@wangnews.net
To read old "First Page News," click here
WANGNEWS
An Independent Source of News & Views
LET'S PLAY! >
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Current U. S. Eastern Time:
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INDEX OF OP-EDS
Those who would give up
Essential Liberty to purchase
a little Temporary Safety,
deserve neither Liberty nor
Safety  - Benjamin Franklin
(1759).
APRIL 2020 Extra
For February  2020 Extra Click Here
SEARCH WANGNEWS
EVERY
MONDAY EVENING
5 - 6 P.M.
EVERY
MONDAY EVENING
5 - 6 P.M.
REDISCOVERING DISNEY
To send WANGNEWS Feedback, please click here
John G. O'Neill
Charleston C. K. Wang, Esq.
Mary Ellen O'Connell
Photocredit:  Mary Joan Reutter
To read
"A Reflection
of Jerusalem
and the New
Jerusalem
from the Ground,"  
click
here.
To view
"Into  the
Heat of
the Hebron
Cauldon,"
\click
here.
To view "The
Garden of
Gethsemane and
Church of All
Nations," click

here.
From Left to Right - Charleston C. K. Wang, Esq.,  Professor  
Mary Ellen O'Connell & Dean Gordon A. Christenson, Emeritus
University of Cincinnati College of Law
VOLUNTEER PHYSICIANS OF MERCY CARE CLINIC:
From Left to Right: DR. TARIQ SULTAN, DR. NEMAT MOUSSAVIAN, DR. DAN ROTH
To view
"Herodion:
A Fortress
During the
Gospels,"
click
here.
To read"The
Wilderness
of Abraham,
Jesus &
Israel-
Palestine,"
click
here.
To view "In
Search of the
Messianic
Secret -
Caesarea Phillipi,"
click
here.
To read
"Descending
to the Dead Sea
and Ascending
to Qumran,"  
click
here.
To read "Jury
for Jericho,"  
click
here.
To view
"The
Empty
Tombs,"
click
here.
A Partnership between Mercy Hospital Anderson and Muslim Clinic of Ohio
To view "Two
Very Different
Houses" click

here.
EPHESUS OF ST. PAUL & ST. JOHN
Click here or on photo to see WANGNEWS Special
To view
"The Holy
Isle of
Patmos"
click
here.
To view
"Sufis
Rumi
Konya,"
click
here.
THE WRATH OF PAUL
Click here or on photo to see WANGNEWS Special
To view
"Wrath
of
Paul,"
click
here.
To view
"Medita-
ting Medi-
terra-nean,"
click
here.


TO RETURN TO FIRST PAGE NEWS, CLICK HERE

CLICK TO GO TO
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>PAGE 7> >PAGE 8>  >PAGE 9> >PAGE10> >PAGE11>
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Photocredit for this page:  Charleston C. K. Wang
To view
"Caesarea
Maritima as
Known to
Saint Paul,"
click
here.
To view
"The Call for
Simon Peter,
Fisherman,"
click
here.

To read
"In Search
of Lazarus,"
click
here.
To view
"In The
Upper
Room"
click \
here.
To view
"The Church
of St. Peter
in Gallicantu"
click
here.
To view
"Visitng the
Dome of the
Rock"
click
here.
To view
Group
photos of
Cincinnati
Pilgrims in
Jerusalem
click
here.
To read
"Hezekiah's
Tunnel
under the
City of David,"
click
here.
PLEASE CLIICK ON PHOTO TO SEE
COMPLETE PHOTONEWS SPECIAL
ON "THE FACES OF TURKEY."
THE FACES OF TURKEY

V
More Photonews to come.
Visit www.wangnews.net again and soon!
V
V
INFOCUS:
CHEMICAL
WEAPONS & THE
HUMANITARIAN CRISIS
IN SYRIA
Click on Photo

Bill Bell and Charleston C. K. Wang
BE THE CHANGE:
CIVIL RIGHTS &
IMMIGRATION REFORM
IN 2013

Robert Harris & Charleston C. K. Wang
A REAL UZBEK DYNASTY
Four Elders from Uzbekistan in their many colored coats
Photocredit:  Boris Yusupov

Bill Bell and Charleston C. K. Wang
INFOCUS:
UNIVERSAL
EDUCATION
IN THE
WORLD -
Example of
Malala
Yousafzai
Click on Photo
CLICK ON PHOTO  TO
LISTEN TO  RECITATION
Charge of Light Brigade-Lord Alfred Tennyson
Last of Light Brigade-Rudyard Kipling
Recessional (Victorian Ode)-Rudyard Kipling
Working the Tan Lines by the
Aegean of the Mediterranen
Beyond in the mist rises
fabled Patmos, May 2012
Working the Tan Lines
on the bank of the Dead Sea
the Lowest Body of Water on Earth
more than 1300 feet below Sea Level
April 2010.
Somewhere near lie biblical Sodom & Gomorrah.
Charleston C K Wang Speedo
Charleston C K Wang Speedo
CHARLESTON C. K. WANG
NAZLY MAMEDOVA
WANGLAW
CHARLESTON C. K. WANG
NAZLY MAMEDOVA
WANGLA
W
CHARLESTON C. K. WANG
NAZLY MAMEDOVA
WANGLAW
Jesus said “Let the little children come to me, and do not stop them; for it is
to such as these that the kingdom of heaven belongs.”  Matthew 19:14
The Holy Eucharist at Christ Church Cathedral in the City of Cincinnati
TRUMP'S LOVE AFFAIR WITH THE WALL, BASE  
PROMISES & DECEPTION
(Beware Of Bad, Bad Puns -
something about Chinks and cherry lips kissing thy stones
:( )

I fear my Thisbe’s promise is forgot!—
And thou, O Wall, O sweet, O lovely Wall,
That stand’st between her father’s ground and mine.
Thou Wall, O Wall, O sweet and lovely Wall,
Show me thy chink to blink through with mine eyne!

I’m afraid my Thisbe has forgotten her promise!—And you, oh Wall,
oh sweet, oh lovely Wall, you stand between her father’s property and mine,
you Wall, oh Wall, oh sweet and lovely Wall.
Show me your hole to stick my eye up against!

WALL holds up fingers as chink
          e> oIII

Thanks, courteous Wall. Jove shield thee well for this!
But what see I? No Thisbe do I see.
O wicked Wall through whom I see no bliss!
Cursed be thy stones for thus deceiving me!

THESEUS
The wall, methinks, being sensible, should curse again.

BOTTOM
(out of character) No, in truth, sir, he should not.
“Deceiving me” is Thisbe’s cue.
She is to enter now and I am to spy her through the wall.
You shall see, it will fall pat as I told you. Yonder she comes.

Enter THISBE
THISBE
(played by FLUTE)

O Wall, full often hast thou heard my moans,
For parting my fair Pyramus and me!
My cherry lips have often kissed thy stones,
Thy stones with lime and hair knit up in thee.

PYRAMUS
I see a voice. Now will I to the chink,
To spy an I can hear my Thisbe’s face. Thisbe?

THISBE
My love thou art, my love, I think.

William Shakespeare's
A MIDSUMMER'S NIGHT DREAM  Act 5 Scene 1
THIS CINCINNATI MAN FROM
MAURITANIA WAS FREED FROM
ICE DETENTION & REUNITED WITH
FAMILY AFTER WANGLAW FILED
FOR HABEAS CORPUS IN U. S.
DISTRICT COURT.  HE APPLIED FOR
& RECEIVED EMPLOYMENT
AUTHORIZATION CARD
FROM USCIS ON 8/26/2019.
He can now lawfully work, pay
taxes,  and have an Ohio Driver
License.
WANGLAW
Charleston C. K. Wang, Esq.
To read
"Confession of a
Gentile in
Jerusalem:  The
Paradox of the Five
Sheklim Blessing,"  
click
here.
To read "Yad
Vashem, A
Monument &
Name to
Remember"  click

here
.
To read "The
Road to
Emmaus,"  
click
here.
MEET A  MAURITANIAN-AMERICAN
(SONINKE) CITIZEN
Thank you to Cleveland Jobs With Justice, Julie Nemecek and Lynn Tramonte
Charleston C. K. Wang, Esq.
WANGLAW
              END APARTHEID SLAVERY IN MAURITANIA

Apartheid has not died in Africa.  Apartheid is very much alive in Mauritania.  The refusal of the "white Moor" government of Mauritania to curb
the endemic enslavement of its black citizens prompted President Donald Trump through the office of the U. S. Trade Representative to give
notice on November 2, 2018 that the United States will terminate trade preference benefits with Mauritania in 2019.  In addition to the prevalence
of hereditary race based slavery, the White House also determined that the government of Mauritania continues to restrict the ability of civil
society to work freely to address anti-slavery issues.  

This moral stance of the President is laudable.  Yet U. S. immigration enforcement (ICE) recently has began aggressively targeting black Africans
from Mauritania who have sought asylum in the USA to detain for the purpose of deporting them back to  a country where race-based slavery is a
feature of the landscape.  Most of the Mauritanians including those living in Cincinnati have been here for decades and have family and children.  
This immigration police activity is inconsistent with the trade sanctions imposed on Mauritania for its acquiescence of race based slavery.  
Renewed protection must be afforded black Mauritanians who have sought asylum with us.

In the last century, the world took aim at apartheid in South Africa in an effort to end racial segregation and color discrimination in that country.   
Concerted world opinion and the powerful moral stand taken accelerated the demise of apartheid in South Africa. Beginning with the release of
Nelson Mandela from prison in 1990, apartheid effectively ended with Mr. Mandela's election as President of South Africa in April 1994.

Yet oddly, the enslavement of people based on skin color is a fact of life in Mauritania in the 21st century today.  The deeply entrenched
existence of white on black slavery in Mauritania is a renewed form of apartheid that the world succeeded in ending in South Africa.  Indeed, this
Mauritanian apartheid is just as atrocious, if not more so than that of South Africa.  Slavery in any form is a terrible scourge on humanity.  It is time
that all decent people everywhere stood up once more and ensure the end of
de facto slavery in Mauritania.   

An opinion by Charleston C. K. Wang, June  4, 2019.
MAURITANIAN (FULANI) FROM CINCINNATI
GAINS FREEDOM FROM ICE DETENTION AFTER
WANGLAW FILED FOR HABEAS CORPUS  IN
U. S. DISTRICT COURT FOR SOUTHERN OHIO 8/15/2019.
He has applied for and expects to receive
employment authorization from USCIS.
Thank you to Cleveland Jobs With Justice,
Julie Nemecek and Lynn Tramonte
THIS CINCINNATI MAN FROM
MAURITANIA WAS FREED
FROM ICE DETENTION &
REUNITED WITH FAMILY.  HE
APPLIED FOR & RECEIVED
EMPLOYMENT
AUTHORIZATION CARD
FROM USCIS ON 9/12/2019.
He can now lawfully work,
pay taxes,  and have an Ohio
Driver License.
WANGLAW
Charleston C. K. Wang, Esq.
WANGLAW WINS REOPENING OF I-589
ASYLUM APPLICATION WITH USCIS
OF MAURITANIAN (FULANI) NOW
LIVING IN CINCINNATI SANCTUARY
CLICK ON POSTER FOR LARGER VIEW
CLICK ON POSTER FOR LARGER VIEW
LONGTIME & HAPPY  CINCINNATIANS FROM
REPUBLIC OF GEORGIA AT WANGLAW
HAPPY THANKSGIVING
Photo Courtesy of Wenhao Zhou, Esq.
WANGLAW
Painting below is of
the Kura River flowing through
Tbilisi, Georgia
A HAPPY CLIENT AT WANGLAW
December 10, 2019
Photo courtesy of Wenhao Zhou, Esq.
Charleston C. K. Wang, Esq.
WANGLAW

IN THE YEAR 2020:
We shall be living in interesting times;
We shall see the worst Governments have capacity to impose,
We shall see soaring kindness in humanity as well.
Where fathers and mothers have failed,
Daughters and sons shall make right.
Splintered and confounded by hate and cruelty,
The Gates of Hell Shall Not Prevail.
IRAQI-AMERICAN FAMILY AT WANGLAW
For its small part WANGLAW is prepared to litigate the most
difficult immigration cases in 2020.
THE
STRAIT
OF
DOVER
AKA
ENGLISH
CHANNEL
IS
20.7
MILES
AT THE
NARROWEST
SEE MAP
\
Charleston C, K, Wang
Speedo Swim
HAPPY CHINESE LUNAR NEW YEAR
January 25, 2020
GRAND ORIENTAL RESTUARANT
Best Dimsum in Cincinnati
CECI'S CHINESE NEW YEAR DUMPLING PARTY 02/01/2020
BEST HOMEMADE POTSTICKERS IN CINCINNATI
Moo Moo
Chocolates
MEMBERS OF CHRIST CHURCH CATHEDRAL WITH SUSAN NOONAN,
PRESIDENT OF THE FBI CINCINNATI CITIZENS ACADEMY ALUMNI
ASSOCIATION AT ITS ANNUAL DINNER, RECEPTIONS BANQUET CENTER
OF LOVELAND, 2/5/2020
Charleston C. K, Wang. Esq.      Cheryl Eagleson,     Susan Noonan, President FBICAAA, Father George Hill,  FBI Chaplain
KEEP
CALM
SWIM
ON
TRIHEALTH PAVILION 2020 SWIM CHALLENGE 21 MILES IN 6 WEEKS
Started January 13, 2020 >                      >FINISHED February 13,          2020
GOD
SAVE
THE
QUEEN!
And
Harry and
Meghan
too!

"Donc, quand en
Calais-Paris,
savourez
du cabernet sauvignon
et de la crêpe aux champignons.
C'est la joie de vivre."
KEEP
CALM
SWIM
ON
A VERY HAPPY WANGLAW CLIENT FROM KAZAKHSTAN
Charleston C. K, Wang, Esq.
WANGLAW
Wenhao Zhou, Esq.
WANGLAW
Photocredit:Oksana Zhuravska
Trihealth Pavilion  2015
SWIM THE COAST T-Shirt
Awarded Distance Swim
THIRTY FIVE (35) MILES
March 2015

Bill Bell and Charleston C. K. Wang
BURNING PALM LEAVES FOR
ASH WENESDAY AT CHRIST
CHURCH CATHEDRAL IN
THE CITY OF CINCINNATI,
02/23/2020
MEET A LADY FROM CRIMEA
(ETHNICITY TATAR) 2/18/2020
DREAMING OF
FABULOUS
UZBEK SAMSA
(SAMOSA)
Charleston C K Wang
Speedo
SEASON OF LENT AT CHIRST CHURCH CATHEDRAL IN TH CITY OF CINCINNATI
Wednesday February 26 to Saturday April 11, 2020
OSHA SAVES LIVES - OSHA LEVEL C
PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT (PPE)
This respirator NOT needed for coronavirus
Charleston C K Wang
Speedo
KEEP
CALM
BREATHE
ON
THE DEPTH OF THE "DEEP STATE"

In the last few years, much has been said about the "Deep State" in these United
States, especially by conspiracy theorists.  Most of it is polemics coming from very
high sources, tossed out to advance the political agenda of the perpetrator.

But what is the "Deep State?"   Generally, there is no firm or standard definition as
the phrase varies greatly in context - that is time, place, and speaker.  For example
the very hip urban dictionary on the internet defines "Deep State" as:

A theorized group of shadowy government figures that allegedly make
ruthless or nefarious executive decisions with no oversight, accountability,  
or public record. By the very definition, the existence of the deep-state is
hard to disprove.  ... The term is used very informally, likely because its
conspiratorial nature can carry an undertone of paranoia.

The staid Merriam-Webster dictionary defines "Deep State" as:

An alleged secret network of especially nonelected government officials and
sometimes private entities (as in the financial services and defense
industries) operating extralegally to influence and enact government policy.

I propose another definition of the "Deep State:"   It is:

Civil servants, especially in the federal government, who have served under
two or more presidents and whose actions are governed by their objective
and good faith understanding of the United States Constitution and other laws
and regulations under the Constitution. These career civil servants are
motivated through their long years of service to the nation to do what they
sincerely believe to be ethical for the welfare of the naion and whose actions        
transcends the politics of the day.

The dilemma faced by civil servants that come under my definition is what is one to
do when he or she sees improper, whether unlawful, unethical, or immoral.   These
nebulous concepts create the first challenge - what is unlawful?  Sometimes, lawyers,
and even judges cannot agree.  Then, what is "unethical?"  What is "immoral?"  

For these reasons, and other reasons which includes fear of retaliation, many in the
"Deep State," especially  those at the lower levels of government simply choose to
"run silent, run deep,"  that is keep quiet and do nothing and live another day maybe
to do something.  Because they choose to run silent, we do not know their names
and cannot discuss their concerns.

For a few others, they become "whistleblowers,"  that is they inform a regulatory, law
enforcement, or oversight agency with the power to investigate. Perhaps, the best
known name recently of a whistleblower at a relatively high level is Lt. Col. Alexander
Vindman.  While serving in the National Security Council,  Col. Vindman publicly
testified in person before the U. S. House of Representatives about the attempt by
President Donald Trump to get the Ukrainian government to investigate a political rival,
former Vice President Joe Biden and his son.  The House voted to impeach the
President, but upon acquittal by the Senate, Col. Vindman and his twin brother were
relieved of their assignments to the White House.  Traditionally, the whistleblower is
hated as a traitor deserving the highest penalty or admired as a quickly forgotten public
hero.

Then there are fewer others in the "Deep State" who dare to use their own official
powers to investigate the highest office holder.  Most of these publicly known names
come from within the Federal Bureau of Investigation.  Perhaps the most famous is
James Comey.  He was dismissed from his post as Director of the FBI by President
Trump on May 9, 2017.  The White House gave
shifting reasons for the firing.  Comey
insistss he was fired because of his refusal to stop the early stages of the Russian
investigation, that is the involvement of Trump associates in the Russian interference
with the Trump-Clinton election of 2016 (which was further investigated by Special
Counsel Robert Mueller).

Even as I write this opinion, the "Deep State" apparently continues to plague the
White House.  I respectfully suggest that Dr. Anthony Fauci is one such person who
has come to the surface to openly contradict President Trump regarding his
position on COVID-19.  In 1968, Dr. Fauci joined the National Institutes of Health (NIH)
as a clinical associate and now serves as head of the National Institute for Allergies
and Infectious Diseases within the NIH. In 2008, he won the Presidential Medal of
Freedom.  His public statements based on science and epidemiological data are a
breath of fresh clean air in contrast to the unfounded statements from the President
on the coronavirus.   Dr. Fauci's fact based statements to the public vitally
supplement the politicized statements issuing at the higher levels, including the
defensive understatements
ab initio of the Surgeon General who was appointed by
the President in 2017.    As of now, Dr. Fauci is still at his post.

So you see, the "Deep State" is deeper than what meets the eye.  At this juncture of
time, place, and personalities. I am glad that we have a "Deep State" that speaks the
truth or blows the whistle, whether on matters of  political wellbeing or public health.  
As Greta Thunberg, wise beyond her years, famously said: "Nature doesn’t bargain, and
you cannot make deals with physics,”  And King Canute, a Scandinavian of old,  could
not stop the rise of the ocean tide by sitting on his throne on the beach.    

Postscript:  With the emerging coronavirus/COVID-19 emergency, it will be the "Deep
State" federal civil servants -  e,g, scientists in the Centers for Disease Control and
Prevention, researchers in the National Institutes for Health, and commissioned officers
of the Public Health Service who will go forth to objectively assess and control the
epidemic.

An Opinion by Charleston C. K. Wang, Updated March 17, 2020.
---===oooOOOooo==--
JON O'NEILL TRAVELS IN CAMBODIA,
FEBRUARY - MARCH 2020
Click on photo to see full photonews
KEEP CALM BREATHE ON!
The Coronavirus Does Not Play Politics

RECENTLY President Trump labelled himself a “War President.”  Angela Merkel,
Chancellor of Germany in a rare national television address more subtly said that
"COVID-19 is the biggest challenge since World War II."

But who are we at  war against? The new coronavirus which causes the COVID-19
sickness is sub-microscopic genetic material which occurs in nature.  The virus
can only replicate inside another living host and causes illness when it invades
the cells of the host.  This coronavirus is zoonotic, meaning that it can jump
from one animal species into another, for example from bats to humans.

Viruses have been with us since the first humans and most likely even before
that time.   For example for thousands of years the human smallpox virus killed
many people and decimated the Aztecs in Mexico and other native populations in
the Americas  in the sixteenth century.  Dr. Edward Jenner, during a time when
smallpox was killing many people in the world noticed that milkmaids did not get
smallpox.   But they got mild pox-like blisters from cows.  This was cowpox.  Dr.
Jenner is credited with discovering the smallpox  vaccine which helped eradicate
smallpox.   Dr. Jenner did this without knowing exactly what a virus was - he did
not have an electron microscope or DNA/RNA technology. But he did know
something about cows and milkmaids. The home of Dr. Edward Jenner is now a
museum where Blossom the Gloucester moo moo cow occupies a place of honor.
There, visitors can come and view her cow horns.  Blossom supplied the cowpox
through a dairymaid named Sarah Nelmes that was used in Dr. Jenner's successful
experiment of inoculating eight year old James Phipps.  The modern word vaccine
comes from
vacca which is Latin for cow.

Smaller than bacteria, the virus first become known when in 1892  two scientists
discovered the tobacco mosaic virus, a virus that infects plants (the plant virus
is not known to infect animals).   All types of viruses are and will be part of our
natural environment.
So how does one wage war or even play politics with a virus.  Greta Thunberg,
wise beyond her years, recently said: "Nature doesn’t bargain, and you cannot
make deals with physics (in our case, biology).”  The viral battlefield ultimately is our
own human body which must fight and defeat the virus, the foreign body.  Our own
immune system produces antibodies that recognize and attach to the virus to
neutralize it.

Better yet, all of us can follow social practices to prevent the virus from entering
our own bodies in the first place.  While every human being on earth may eventually
have to fight his or her own private war with the virus, prevention will flatten
the time occurrence curve.  And give science time to search for a vaccine to
help prevent infection.  Remember Dr. Edward Jenner, (and Blosson too) a
pioneer of the vaccination.   And time to treat those seriously affected.  We must
be mindful and ever thankful of all the health care professionals who are taking daily
risks to help the people who are sick.

This COVID-19 virus will cause economic dislocation and
human suffering, but unlike World War II or any other war
between nations, this war against the coronavirus is an
individual’s war.  We must all play our role in preventing
its rapid spread.  The good news is that the coronavirus
does not attack our infrastructure and all our homes, cars
and trucks, stores and factories will be there after humanity
has bested this virus (this is where our politicans can help -
to make sure no one loses the home and other personal  
assets during this "war"). In the meantime, we must have
spirit to look out for not only ourselves but our neighbors,
near and far. And spring and  Easter are coming.

An opinion by Charleston C. K. Wang, March 22, 2020.
---===oooOOOooo==--
To enjoy more flower arrays, click on photo
                              OF MICE AND COWS

Over 200 years ago, Robert Burns wrote To a Mouse: “The best
laid schemes o' mice an' men / Gang aft agley.”  That observation
still fascinates us today, a time of the virus, human illness, and
economic malaise.  Ergo the travails of the stock markets all over
the world.   But stay calm and breathe on.

As for cows, I already wrote something about them (see article below) -
how a Gloucester moo moo cow and a milkmaid helped Dr. Edward
Jenner eradicate the smallpox through vaccination.   But do not
overlook the potential contribution of the tiny mouse in the current
fight against the new coronavirus and COVID-19.  

Some people develop mild  or little symptoms after exposure to the
new coronavirus while others become critically ill or  even die.   Using
the basic principles of virology which go back to smallpox days, the
question then is why some people can fight off COVID-19?   Can
the plasma of COVID -19 survivors be used to help those who are
critically ill?   A technique can be traced back to over 100 years and
that was used with varying success more recently against the H1N1
pandemic in 2009 and 2013 Ebola epidemic .  
The light shines in the darkness,
and the darkness did not overcome it.
Science Officer
U.S.S. Moomoocow
On March 24, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration through an emergency investigational new drug (IND) protocol, gave permission to
researchers and doctors to request the use of plasma from COVID-19 survivors to deliver antibodies to seriously ill patients.  This treatment is also
known as convalescent therapy.

At the same time, mice with human immune systems are being recruited to help in the safe development towards plasma therapy and other treatments
and even a vaccine specific to COVID-19.   So much for the best laid plans of mice and men often going astray!

Once again, it is worth repeating, that while many politicians see themselves as leading a national war against the coronavirus,  this virus does not
attack a society's infrastructure.  Once humanity has overcome COVID-19, each and every home, car, truck, shop, and factory will still be here. Our
politicians have the duty to ensure that no citizen loses his or her home, or  other important property because of the need to fight the virus.

But the coronavirus does take a toll on  the human body and the human spirit.    While many protocols other than plasma treatment are in the test phase,
we can have confidence that medical science, given time, will yield one or more treatments and a vaccine against the virus.  In the meantime, each and
every one of us must practice social distancing and good hygiene to reduce the spread of the cononavirus and "flatten the curve."   And give thanks
to the health professionals, clinical and research, who are on the "front lines" of this "war."

As for the spirit, we must draw upon our inner strength and our faith in that which is good.  We must see not only to ourselves, but to our neighbors, near
and far, because humanity and the spirit are in this fight together.  Light will overcome darkness.  Warmer weather is upon us;  spring is here, and Easter
will come soon.

Charleston C. K. Wang, Updated March 29, 2020.
Live long & prosper
The Bombing of London During World War II
                      RECALLING JOHN MAYNARD KEYNES

After a series of financial tremors, stock prices on Wall Street plunged 11%.  This
crash occurred on Black Thursday, October 24, 1929.  The bear market lasted into
1932 dragging the United States and the world economies into a decade of
impoverishment.

The collapse on Wall Street after the period of ease and speculation known as the
Roaring Twenties induced a panic on Main Street   Many people who did not invest
in stocks rushed to withdraw their savings deposits from banks in big cities to small
towns.  They demanded the banks give them cash.   This led to the many banks closing
their doors.   Businesses defaulted on their loans and the desperate banks foreclosed.  
One closure let to another.   Businesses ran out of money and people lost their jobs.  
Quickly the economy was in free fall.

The downward spiral seemed to have no end.  The interest rate for borrowing
money fell to very low levels for the times and yet there was no interest or ability
to borrow.  By 1932, U. S. industrial production was -46%, foreign trade fell 78% and
unemployment rose 600%.

The bankers and financiers during those dark days were at the end of their
wits, and for some, their lives.  It seems there was nothing the captains of American
industry could do to save the country.  Despair and hopelessness was the order of
the day.

But, the economist John Maynard Keynes saw more, and in 1936, explained in his
book G
eneral Theory of Employment, Interest, and Money:

"
There is the possibility...that, after the rate of interest has fallen to a certain level,
liquidity-preference may become virtually absolute in the sense that almost everyone
prefers cash to holding a debt which yields so low a rate of interest. In this event the
monetary authority would have lost effective control over the rate of interest. But  
whilst this limiting case might become practically important in future, I know of no
example of it hitherto.
"

This observation is now known in technical economics language as the "Liquidity
Trap."  Today, this phenomenon is also called the exhaustion of "Monetary Policy."  
Most of the time, once we have identified the problem and have given it a name, the
cure is close at hand.  So it was with the liquidity trap.

So here is the Keynesian Solution in the context of the Great Depression:  Since
the banks are unable to make loans for both lack of demand for borrowing and a
shocking shortage of money because of the preceding run on  financial
institutions, the answer must come from  the Federal Government through direct
spending.  Unfortunately, perhaps due to a lag in understanding of economics in
those days, this solution was not implemented sooner.

This does not mean the unprincipled or desperate printing of money in the hope of
stimulating consumption, or simply helping the people buy bread, as this will inexorably
lead to spiraling inflation and rapid devaluation of the national currency.   This
unfortunate scenario was unfolding in many countries including major nations in Europe.   


To be yet wiser, the national government must restart a stagnating economy by
organizing employment for people desperate for work and paying for their work.   
This must be implemented gradually over months stretching into years.   President
Franklin D. Roosevelt and the U. S. Congress began to institute an extensive series
of public work projects, as well as, financial reforms, and regulations to help bring
the nation out of the Great Depression.

Direct government spending to create jobs and make payroll in aid of an depleted
monetary policy (the liquidity trap or stagnation of the flow of currency) is also
known as "Fiscal Policy."   The liquidity trap during the Great Depression has been
verified by many research studies after that terrible decade and federal fiscal policy
is credited in helping America emerge from the Great Depression up until 1941
when World War II came to these shores.

Over the years, Keynesian economics, having been criticized as socialism and
deficit spending, is somewhat faded.   But I think Keynes was an English capitalist
who saw clearly  the limits of capitalism and was sufficiently liberal to look for an
answer outside the bank vault.   At the risk of giving John Maynard Keynes too
much credit, brilliant economist as he was, (he had detractors for his economics
and other reasons as well - he was bisexual and an advocate for women's right
and gender equality) the New Deal beginning in 1932 is a version of the Keynesian
understanding of currency/money liquidity and the economic solution to the
liquidity trap and unemployment.   

The liquidity trap was observed once again in the Great Recession of 2008, caused
by an over-extended real estate mortgage market.  Now in 2020, we are witnessing
a new liquidity trap.  The Federal Reserve has dropped its interest rate to around 0%
but this move had minimum effect in restoring economic confidence on Wall Street,
insofar as it is measured by stock prices.

Accordingly, during March the U. S. Congress quickly passed two pieces of spending  
legislation over $2 trillion.  Perhaps, and luckily,  the risk of inflation currently is
offset by record low oil prices.    Even so, on March 31, President Donald Trump, to
his credit, is consulting with Congress for another $2 trillion in a direct infrastructure
spending package to help heal the economic malaise.  Perhaps it is appropriate for
quote Chairman Deng Xiaoping who famously said: "
No matter if it is a white cat or a
black cat; as long as it can catch mice, it is a good ca
t."  Meoow.

An opinion by Charleston C. K. Wang, April 1, 2020.
       DOES DOSE MAKE A DIFFERENCE IN COVID-19 TRANSMISSION?
                                         When Can America Go Back to Work:
                 A Question of Dose-Morbidity Threshold and Cost-Benefit Analysis?

There is a time-tested adage in toxicology - "the dose makes the poison."  This
principle is the scientific basis for OSHA industrial hygiene regulations/exposure
standards.  It is applicable to chemical agents (including carcinogens)  and
physical agents (including radiation which also causes cancer).

This concept is also vital in pharmacology and medicine- "the dose determines
the cure."

The question then is dosage of exposure during
transmission of the COVID-19
virus and onset of illness one of the factors in severity of subsequent illness?  
Stated alternately,
ceteris paribus, does virus dose (both concentration
multiplied by time duration of exposure) make a direct difference to
morbidity/mortality?  The follow-up inquiry then is - "Is there a threshold level?"
- this question will be critical for public policy in coming days.  

Think of it this way - can a human body successfully
, through the immune
response,
 resist a single invading coronavirus "molecule"?  10, 1,000, 1 million,
1 trillion?  Where does the morbid dose fall - is there a threshold or not?  This
threshold question was
debated very intensely during OSHA policy standard
setting vis-a-vis
carcinogens - the zero exposure threshold argument based on
carcinogenesis from a single molecule was set aside.  This is why OSHA

enforces a permissible exposure level for known carcinogens such as asbestos,
benzene, coke oven emissions, etc. albeit set very low.

Indeed, present technology for COVID-19 testing yields quantitative data on
"load" in samples taken from patients.   Currently, virus concentration or "viral
load"  can be expressed as "copies per milliliter."   Samples extracted from the
upper respiratory tract of COVID-19 positive patients show virus concentrations
ranging from around a low of 4 log ten (range in the 10,000) to 6 log ten (range in
the millions) depending on the age of the patient (published on March 23, 2020 in
Lancet).  Comparable reports have appeared, inter alia, in the New England
Journal of Medicine, Journal of Clinical Microbiology
).

The availability of quantitative data lends itself to the construction of a classical
"dose-response curve."  An earlier article dated February 20, 2020 in the
Journal
of Korean Medical Science
presents a discussion of "Viral Load Kinetics"  
wherein the authors correlate virus concentrations (decreasing) over duration of
illness in two patients.  
This is not exactly on point for this discussion on dosage response in the
context of transmission from a person with the virus (perhaps pre-symptomatic
or even asymptomatic, not to be ruling anything out) to a virus free person.  
Perhaps it is impossible to do controlled studies on the human population but
epidemiological data or animal data may be found if looked for.  Such
information may prove vital in future public health policy debates as to when
draconian quarantine can be eased?   Under what circumstances is it safe to go
back to work?  The question will increasingly be a subject matter of public
discussions in the days to come.

Finally, looming always somewhere out there is the specter of or even need for
cost-benefit analysis?  To recap at the risk of over-simplification or even
over-reach, cost-benefit analysis in public health  policy-making is a economic
evaluation methodology where the costs of the program or intervention are
compared to the benefits of the intervention, and both costs and benefits
compared in terms of dollars.   Efforts at such cost-benefit analysis have always
been plagued by the need to put a dollar value on human life.

An opinion by Charleston C. K, Wang.  April 4, 2020.  He was a former OSHA
Compliance Officer and a former Board Certified Industrial Hygienist.  He also
conducted research on control technology with NIOSH/CDC.
KEEP
CALM
BREATHE
ON
OSHA SAVES LIVES - OSHA LEVEL C
PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT (PPE)
This full-face air-purifying respirator fitted with HEPA P100
(color coded pink) filter cartridges NOT needed for coronavirus