To view
"Herodion:  A
Fortress During the
Gospels," click
here.
Photography on this page by Charleston C. K. Wang, Shirley Wang, or Arthur Wang
Copyright 2010-2013 All Rights Reserved Charleston C. K. Wang, Esq., Publisher
To read "The
Wilderness of
Abraham, Jesus &
Israel- Palestine,"  
click
here.
To view "The
Garden of
Gethsemane and
Church of All
Nations," click
here.
To view "Pilgrimage to
Bethlehem, Birthplace
of Jesus," click
here.
To view "Into the
Heat of the
Hebron
Cauldon," click
here.
To view "Confession
of a Gentile in
Jerusalem: The
Paradox of the 5
Shekel Blessing,"
click
here.
To view Group
photos of
Cincinnati
Pilgrims in
Jerusalem  click
here.
To read "A
Reflection of
Jerusalem & the
New Jerusalem
from the Ground,"  
click
here.
To view "The Call
for Simon Peter,
Fisherman," click

here.
To view
"Caesarea
Maritima as
Known to  Saint
Paul," click
here.
To view "In
Search of the
Messianic Secret
- Caesarea
Phillipi," click

here.
To view "Two
Very Different
Houses" click

here.
To read
"Jury for
Jericho,"  
click
here.
Church of Saint Peter in Gallicantu
WANGNEWS SERVICE
An Independent Source of News & Views

To view
"The
Empty
Tomb"
click
here.
To read
"Descending to the
Dead Sea and
Ascending to
Qumran,"  click
here.
To read "The
Road to
Emmaus,"  
click
here.
To read "In
Search of
Lazarus,"  click

here.

To view
"The
Upper
Room"
click
here.
Peter Denies Jesus
Simon Peter and another disciple followed
Jesus. Since that disciple was known to
the high priest, he went with Jesus into the
courtyard of the high priest, but Peter was
standing outside at the gate. So the other
disciple, who was known to the high priest,
went out, spoke to the woman who
guarded the gate, and brought Peter in.
The woman said to Peter, ‘You are not also
one of this man’s disciples, are you?’ He
said, ‘I am not.’ Now the slaves and the
police had made a charcoal fire because it
was cold, and they were standing round it
and warming themselves. Peter also was
standing with them and warming himself. ..
Now Simon Peter was standing and
warming himself. They asked him, ‘You are
not also one of his disciples, are you?’ He
denied it and said, ‘I am not.’ One of the
slaves of the high priest, a relative of the
man whose ear Peter had cut off, asked,
‘Did I not see you in the garden with him?’
Again Peter denied it, and at that moment
the cock crowed. J
ohn: 18: 5-18, 25-27.
To view "The
Church of St.
Peter in
Gallicantu"
click
here.
‘Before the cock crows,
you will deny me three times.’
THE SPOT WHERE THE COCK CROWED
The Church of Saint Peter in Gallicantu is situated on the sheer eastern slope of Mount Zion outside of the Old City.  The Latin word "Gallicantu" may be translated as the "Crowing of the
Cock." It should be not surprise that this multi-level Church is marked with a Golden Rooster mounted on the roof and which can be seen above the trees (see photograph below).   In 457
CE, a Byzantine basilica was erected to mark the spot where Peter wept even as the cock crowed.  A Crusader Chapel was built over the ruins in 1102 and the modern structure was completed
in 1931 by the Augustinians of the Assumption (Assumptionist Fathers), a French Order of the religious.  Having already spent a number of days in and outside Jerusalem during April 2010,
I was awestruck by the colors used inside and outside this unique church.  The most beautiful feature of the interior is the large glass cross installed in the ceiling dome.  One is mesmerized
by the kaleidoscopic colors naturally illuminated and brought to life by the sun overhead.  Lining the walls of the sanctuary are depictions of various scenes from the Gospels, including that
which is
de rigeuer - fourteen stations of the cross.  The colors are similarly striking.  See collage of photographs at bottom of page.
Byzantine mosaics found during excavation  are preserved and can also be viewed.   Stairs lead down into
the ancient grottos that had been dug into the hillside.  The northern flight of stone steps is steep and
lead towards the Kidron Valley and may date back to the first temple period.   Excavations since 1888
have revealed various foundations that may belong to the Byzantine church, Byzantine roads and houses,
a rock-hewn bath-house, and parts of the aqueduct.  See photograph to the right.  The caves may date
back to the time of Jesus and one may conclude that they were part of the house of High Priest
Caiaphas,  Indeed, a pilgrim may imagine one of them as being the dungeon into which Jesus was
delivered upon his arrest at Gethsemane (see the photograph of the bound Jesus) and after being
escorted bound and under guard up the stepped street.  Nonetheless, subterranean rooms are common to
Roman-era houses as they have utility as water cisterns, baths, and storage vaults.  Parts of the wall
retain the crosses that were etched into them probably during the fifth century by Byzantine Christians.

Outside is a modern paved garden area which features a sculptural interpretation of the interrogation of
Peter by a lowly servant girl - interestingly a soldier in Roman armor stands right behind, straining to
listen in and with his right hand on his gladius-belt.  One cannot possibly fail to see the cock perched on
top of the column, and the intent pilgrim will surely also hear Peter's vehement denial in his thick
Galilean accent: "I do not know the man!"

As is to be expected for any famous venue in Jerusalem, the alternative site for the high priest’s house
is located at the Armenian Orthodox Church of the House of Caiaphas on the summit of Mount Zion,
adjacent to the Dormition Abbey.

Most memorable with the Church of Saint Peter in Gallicantu is the fabulous
sui generis utilization of
colors which shine forth  with a child-like innocence.  Please enjoy the collection of photographs below.   
Charleston C. K. Wang, December 28 2012.
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Peter’s Denial of Jesus
Now Peter was sitting outside in the
courtyard. A servant-girl came to
him and said, ‘You also were with
Jesus the Galilean.’ But he denied
it before all of them, saying, ‘I do
not know what you are talking
about.’ When he went out to the
porch, another servant-girl saw
him, and she said to the
bystanders, ‘This man was with
Jesus of Nazareth.’ Again he denied
it with an oath, ‘I do not know the
man.’ After a little while the
bystanders came up and said to
Peter, ‘Certainly you are also one of
them, for your accent betrays you.’
Then he began to curse, and he
swore an oath, ‘I do not know the
man!’ At that moment the cock
crowed. Then Peter remembered
what Jesus had said: ‘Before the
cock crows, you will deny me three
times.’ And he went out and wept
bitterly.  
Matthew 26:69-75.
Peter Denies Jesus
While Peter was below in the courtyard,
one of the servant-girls of the high
priest came by. When she saw Peter
warming himself, she stared at him and
said, ‘You also were with Jesus, the
man from Nazareth.’ But he denied it,
saying, ‘I do not know or understand
what you are talking about.’ And he
went out into the forecourt. Then the
cock crowed. And the servant-girl, on
seeing him, began again to say to the
bystanders, ‘This man is one of them.’
But again he denied it. Then after a
little while the bystanders again said to
Peter, ‘Certainly you are one of them;
for you are a Galilean.’ But he began to
curse, and he swore an oath, ‘I do not
know this man you are talking about.’ At
that moment the cock crowed for the
second time. Then Peter remembered
that Jesus had said to him, ‘Before the
cock crows twice, you will deny me
three times.’ And he broke down and
wept.  
Mark 14:66-72.

Peter Denies Jesus
Then they seized him and led him away,
bringing him into the high priest’s
house. But Peter was following at a
distance. When they had kindled a fire in
the middle of the courtyard and sat down
together, Peter sat among them. Then a
servant-girl, seeing him in the firelight,
stared at him and said, ‘This man also
was with him.’ But he denied it, saying,
‘Woman, I do not know him.’ A little later
someone else, on seeing him, said, ‘You
also are one of them.’ But Peter said,
‘Man, I am not!’ Then about an hour later
yet another kept insisting, ‘Surely this
man also was with him; for he is a
Galilean.’ But Peter said, ‘Man, I do not
know what you are talking about!’ At that
moment, while he was still speaking, the
cock crowed. The Lord turned and
looked at Peter. Then Peter remembered
the word of the Lord, how he had said to
him, ‘Before the cock crows today, you
will deny me three times.’ And he went
out and wept bitterly.  
Luke 22:59-62.
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